Overview of Area
Our CCG comprises the five boroughs of Burnley, Hyndburn, Pendle, the Ribble Valley (excluding Longridge), and Rossendale. We serve an estimate population of 371,443.
Historically, East Lancashire emerged from the Industrial Revolution as a major commercial and industrial centre of several hundred mill towns and collieries, but then went into decline after the first and second world wars. The smaller East Lancashire towns which have struggled to reinvent themselves economically have nevertheless grown, notably with the expansion of the South Asian community from the 1950s and 1960s.
East Lancashire has its uplands and its lowlands, its moors, forests, and deep valleys and this physical environment plays apart in shaping people’s lives. The terrain and the variable transport infrastructure can make getting from place to place difficult. Even in the more affluent communities there are challenges in being able to access health services.
Life expectancy in East Lancashire has improved, but there are wide health inequalities within our CCG area, and between the East Lancashire region and the national figure. These inequalities are a result of relatively high early death rates from the “big killers”, CVD, cancers and respiratory disease, but also by a small number of deaths occurring at a markedly young age e.g. accidents, chronic liver disease, suicides and infant deaths. Early deaths from cancer, in particular, make an important contribution to overall early death rates, and there is evidence that the local premature cancer death rate has increased over recent years.